Star Wars Movie Retrospective: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope

star wars original poster

“May the Force be with you” – Jedi expression

This is the one that started the phenomenon…the very first Star Wars film. Back when it was first released it was just titled Star Wars. Those pesky Episode subtitles didn’t come along until The Empire Strikes Back and now this entry is known as Episode IV: A New Hope. It may sound confusing to someone completely in the dark about Star Wars films, but it makes some kind of convoluted sense to the rest of us.

Director and creator George Lucas often stated in past interviews that his saga as originally written was quite sprawling, too much to put into one film, let alone a trilogy. Hence, why he skipped to Episode IV to do first because he felt the storyline truly became interesting and action packed with this episode. And he was right.

opening

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope throws viewers into the complex galaxy where the story is based with an opening crawl informing us that this faraway galaxy, a long time ago, is in the midst of a galactic civil war. The Rebel Alliance, which rose from the ashes of the fallen Galactic Republic, has won its first major victory against the despotic Galactic Empire. The Rebels have stolen plans for the Death Star, a moon-sized battle station that is capable of destroying planets that was just completed by the Empire. Rebel leader Princess Leia Organa (Carrie Fisher) is onboard a blockade runner spaceship on her way to the planet Tatooine to recruit  a Jedi to join her cause.

Just as the opening crawl finishes, leia and r2Leia’s spaceship swooshes overhead near Tatooine as its chased by a mammoth Imperial Star Destroyer battle cruiser. The imperial ship overtakes the small blockade runner and tows it onboard. Soon, the Rebel ship is boarded by white-armored stormtroopers led by Darth Vader (David Prowse, voiced by James Earl Jones), a fallen Jedi who is a Sith follower now. He and his troops turn the ship upside down looking for the plans. But they’re too late, Leia downloads the plans into an astromech droid R2-D2 (Kenny Baker) before she is captured. The small droid makes his way to an escape pod accompanied by a humanoid protocol droid C-3P0 (Anthony Daniels) and is able to flee the ship and land on Tatooine.

droidsThe desert planet is brutal to C-3P0 who constantly voices his displeasure to R2-D2. The small droid ignores his companion and separates from him to fulfill a mission given by Leia to find Obi-Wan Kenobi (Alec Guiness). Both droids wind up being captured by Jawas, small nomadic beings that populate the planet’s sand-covered wastelands.

The Jawas wind up selling the droids to moisture farmer Owen Lars (Phil Brown). He assigns his nephew Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) to get them ready for work on the farm. While cleaning up R2-D2, Luke triggers a partial holographic message from Leia where she says “Help me Obi-Wan Kenobi, you’re my only hope.”; Luke wonders if the message is for Ben Kenobi, a hermit that he knows. He later tries bringing up this matter to Owen and over dinner served by his aunt Beru (Shelagh Fraser), but his uncle brushes him off and tells him to wipe both droids’ memory banks. Changing the subject, Luke asks if he can join the Academy, but Owen replies that he still needs Luke’s help on the farm and to wait another season. Angrily, Luke leaves the dinner table and goes outside to brood. He finds out from C-3P0 that R2-D2 ran away, but it’s already nightfall and too dangerous to go looking for the droid.

lukes relatives

The next morning he and C-3P0 leave the farm in his landspeeder hover vehicle and find the small droid in the desert just before they’re attacked by tusken raiders. After Luke is knocked out, the tusken raiders are scared off by an animal cry mimicked by Obi-Wan “Ben” Kenobi. Ben takes Luke and the droids back to his home  and after revealing that he was once a Jedi Knight, presents him kenobi's placewith a lightsabre. Ben tells him that it belonged to Luke’s father, a Jedi Knight and friend, who was betrayed and killed by Darth Vader, Kenobi’s former apprentice. After introducing Luke to the concept of the mystical Force, Ben is able to activate the full holographic message. It’s a plea from Leia to go to deliver the droids, who have the Death Star plans, to her home planet of Alderaan and join the fight against the Empire.

Pondering the appeal, Ben asks Luke to join him, but Luke turns him down because of his responsibilities. The old Jedi is disappointed but understands and accepts Luke’s offer to transport him to the city Mos Eisley to find passage to Alderaan.

death starThe Star Destroyer arrives at the Death Star. Several military leaders are holding a meeting, which is joined by Darth Vader and his superior Grand Moff Tarkin (Peter Cushing). They’re informed by Tarkin that the Emperor has dissolved the Imperial Senate and that fear of the Death Star will keep the many systems of the Empire under control. Tarkin instructs Vader to find the location of the Rebel headquarters to end the rebellion. Vader proceeds to torture his prisoner Princess Leia, but is unable to get from her the location of the Rebel base.

Back on Tatooine, Luke, Ben and the droids find the smoldering remains of the Jawas that sold Luke and Owen the droids. Ben concludes that they were killed by imperial troops and Luke quickly deduces that his family is in danger. He rushes home but is too late. Stormtroopers have been there earlier and killed his uncle and aunt. The young farmer goes back to Ben and asks to join him and to be trained as a Jedi.

cantina meetAfterwards, Luke, Ben and the droids travel to Mos Eisley, a rundown and seedy port of call bursting with aliens and imperial stormtroopers. They stay one step ahead of inquisitive stormtroopers and go to a local cantina to hire a pilot who can take them to Alderaan. In there, they meet a smuggler called Han Solo (Harrison Ford) and his first mate Chewbacca (Peter Mayhew), a bear-like Wookiee that only communicates with growls and grunts. The two parties strike a deal, which delights Han since he owes Jabba the Hut, a local gangster, a lot of money.

At the Death Star, Vader reports his failure to get the location of the Rebel base from Leia. Tarkin decides to use a different approach. He orders the Death Star to go to Alderaan and once the battle station arrives he threatens Leia that he will have the Death Star destroy her adopted planet. She reluctantly gives him a planet’s name and in response, Tarkin has Alderaan destroyed anyway, much to Leia’s horror.

falcon

On Tatooine, Luke sells his landspeeder to raise funds for the passage; afterwards a local spy spots Luke and his group as they make their way to Han’s ship, the Millennium Falcon . They board the Falcon just in time before stormtroopers catch up to them. Fortunately, the Millennium Falcon is able to escape from Tatooine and jump into hyperspace.

With some time to kill as they make their way to Alderaan, Ben starts instructing Luke on the ways luke trainsof the Force. Han is skeptical of the old Jedi ways, declaring it extinct, but Luke ignores the putdowns and begins to demonstrate some adeptness in using the Force through some exercises. At that point, the Millennium Falcon arrives at its destination, but Alderaan is nowhere to be found. Only meteors greet the space pirate and his passengers. Ben realizes that the planet has been destroyed and a small moon is spotted nearby. Before they realize it, the Millennium Falcon is ensnared in a tractor beam from the moon, which turns out to be the Death Star.

Once pulled inside the battle station, the small group hides out in the Falcon’s smuggling compartments and avoid capture. They depart the ship and begin plotting their next move. Ben leaves the group to turn off the Death Star’s tractor beam and face an old foe that he senses with the Force. Meanwhile, Luke discovers that Leia is being held prisoner and has to convince Han and Chewbacca to help him rescue her before she is executed.

original poster 2

Saying that Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope is one of the most influential films ever made is stating the obvious. It literally changed cinema forever and has a lasting impact to this day. Many will say that is due to the marketing prowess of George Lucas (and now Disney), but it’s more than that. Star Wars resonates so deeply because it dove fully into its mystical, quasi-religious nature that evoked timeless myths and archetypes. At the same time, it presented a contemporary, fast-paced yarn that completely immersed viewers into a richly layered universe.

xwingsIt’s commonly accepted that its first sequel The Empire Strikes Back is the best Star Wars film ever made and I agree to an extent. For me though, this one is my personal favorite simply because for the first time, I got to experience a pure sci-fi pulp adventure. Before Star Wars, sci-fi films and TV were generally cerebral experiences with little evidence of science fiction’s pulp roots. The closest we got were the zero-budget Flash Gordon serials. But with Star Wars, sci-fi adventure got the big-budget treatment that is necessary in order to properly convey a world totally unlike ours. Star Wars took you into another place that doesn’t exist and don’t we all wish it did, well minus the evil Empire aspects. George Lucas accomplished an incredible feat by plunging audiences into the middle of strange, new worlds crowded with unusual aliens, rich cinematography, unique sounds and John Williams’ epic and majestic film score. We weren’t allowed to catch our breath for the most part and we had to keep up as we were carried along into this glorious adventure.

tatooine

What obviously helped sell Star Wars to audiences were its then-revolutionary special effects work. Most fans know that George Lucas had to build his own effects company in order to deliver the kind of effects shots required for the film. It was part of a huge gamble undertaken by everyone involved. But it all worked. Thanks to their efforts we now have iconic elements permeating our culture and of course, multiple toys littering homes and stores.

A major part of the appeal of Star Wars as seen luke and leiaby the numerous toys are its simple yet complex characters. Start with Luke Skywalker. He’s the everyman in this story. Luke is a simple farmer who wants something more out of his life, something many of us can identify with. When he gets what he asked for and is swept up, we’re caught up in his journey as well and see the universe unfolding through his innocent eyes.

Then there’s Han Solo, everyone’s favorite space pirate. Other popular roguish sci-fi heroes like Mal Reynolds, Peter Quill and John Crichton owe their existence to Han who pulls off swaggering like no other. Han is able to think fast and act even faster, which is how he manages to keep one step ahead of his enemies. He does this with a quick wit and a snarky attitude that could’ve been grating but instead made him admirable. Underneath his swagger, Han displays a hidden and forgotten nobility which cemented his status as a hero.

han solo

Other characters in Star Wars had their moments to shine and put new spins into archetypes. Princess Leia wasn’t some helpless damsel in distress. She demonstrated a plucky, independent nature which goes naturally with being a Rebel leader. vader v obiOriginally, Obi-Wan “Ben” Kenobi was envisioned by Lucas to be a daffy eccentric old man. Thankfully, Alec Guinness wouldn’t have any of that and instead injected a quiet nobility and deep-rooted wisdom. The result was that Ben came off as a kind uncle figure with fortitude that came from years of experience. This is why his sudden self sacrifice near the end of the film was so heartbreaking.  Meanwhile, the droids get their best moments in this film out of the entire saga. The odd mechanical couple proved to be a genuinely funny team due to the perfectly timed interplays between them. Ben Burtt’s legendary sound effects proved especially adept at conveying R2-D2’s emotions through a series of mechanical sounds, while Anthony Daniels’ dialogue and delivery was comically inspired.

vader2As for the main villain, it goes without saying that with a booming voice and black armor Darth Vader had a commanding presence. It’s no wonder he is considered to be the cinematic personification of evil, a dishonor that was only undermined by his presence in the prequels where he came off as a whiny brat. Here in the original Star Wars, he’s mysterious, dark and intimidating. Part of that is because of the spot-on voice casting since James Earl Jones’ deep vocal timbre compliments Darth Vader. David Prowse also deserves some credit for the way he moved. His Vader was elegant, light on his feet yet conveyed immense power. Compare it to Hayden Christensen’s performance as Vader when he donned the armor for the first time in the last prequel. Christensen was laughable and over-the-top with his body language, not so with Prowse.

While the characters take center stage in these fantastical worlds, they stood out in ways not seen before on film. The Star Wars universe is one that is intensely textured and has a real-life feel to it. That is because these worlds in Star Wars, aside from the Death Star interiors, have a lived-in, dirty feel that belies heavy use with decay. It felt real and attainable to viewers, something that the prequels lacked, though their aesthetics were for another reason. Here, the galaxy is crumbling under its weight due to the Empire’s heavy hand.

mos eisley

Some of that grunginess has been diluted with the special edition of Star Wars which has largely supplanted the original presentation. When George Lucas tinkered with his masterpiece back in the ’90s it brought about cries from diehard fans who bemoaned that their treasure was being vandalized. Lucas’ reasons for doing this was because he felt the special edition, thanks to updated technology, allowed him to produce a version of Star Wars that was closer to his original vision. Skeptics have countered that it was an excuse to sell more products and keep interest alive. The end result is mixed. While the film stock looks cleaner and crisper, many of the CG effects are now dated and give many scenes a cartoony look.

Trying to improve a film’s special effects with new editions is a fruitless effort. It’s the cinematic equivalent of a dog chasing its tail. It’s impossible to stay current because of how quickly the technology changes. Lucas should just let han shoots firstthe film stand on its own. Look at classics like the original King Kong, its stop motion effects are dated but the film works because of how well it was done. Star Wars doesn’t need any sprucing up and hopefully contemporary audiences will be able to witness the original version of Star Wars (without the Episode subtitles) one day. Oh, and for the record, Han shot first.

celebration

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope has stood the test of time, unlike other films that came out in that same time period (which is a testament to the wisdom of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Science that only bestowed the film with technical Oscars). Like other timeless film classics Star Wars will continue to captivate future generations for a long time to come.

José Soto

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